Women are more susceptible to STDs during sexual intercourse due to the larger and more vulnerable vaginal surface compared to the penis, which is mainly covered with skin. STIs, or Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), affect women differently than men. The vagina's thin lining and moist environment make it easier for a woman to contract an STI than it is for a man. Furthermore, women are less likely to experience symptoms of common STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, compared to men.
This means that a woman could have an STI and not know it. Women's anatomy puts them at greater risk than their partner. The lining of a woman's vagina is thinner and more delicate than the skin on the penis, making it easier for pathogens that cause venereal diseases to penetrate female genitals. The moist environment of the female genitals also makes it a perfect breeding ground for bacteria to grow.
Untreated STDs can cause health complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancies. Women with sexually transmitted diseases can also transmit diseases such as genital herpes, syphilis and HIV to their children during pregnancy. This may give women and men the false impression that these diseases are now less threatening, leading to more relaxed attitudes about condom use and testing for sexually transmitted diseases. This decline in the ability to obtain information and medical care places women at even greater risk of contracting the most common STDs.
Other factors that may contribute to young women not being tested regularly include confidentiality issues, social stigma, difficulties in opening up to health professionals regarding their sexual history, and lack of knowledge about the risks of untreated STDs. A large proportion of men and women reported the presence of genital secretions and sores last week without finding the most commonly diagnosed genitourinary symptoms. Not only is this age group the most vulnerable to exposure to STDs, but a study also highlights that one in four sexually active adolescent women has an STD. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common in developing countries1, representing a significant health burden for women aged 15 to 44,2 who are more likely to be asymptomatic and have serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes infertility and ectopic pregnancies.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, young people ages 15 to 24 are at even greater risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. So, women may mistake the symptoms of STDs for something else and instead think it's a yeast infection. While the most common STDs, such as syphilis, could be life-threatening in men if left untreated, most women have the most serious problems every year due to several STDs. To prevent these issues from occurring, it is important for both men and women to take precautions when engaging in sexual activity.
This includes using condoms correctly every time they have sex and getting tested regularly for STDs.